Art that unites everyone. Health of Ukraine. Thematic number. December 2015

Art that unites everyone. Health of Ukraine. Thematic number. December 2015

Art that unites everyone. Health of Ukraine. Thematic number. December 2015

Mental illness is extremely common in the world. According to WHO (World health Organization), nearly half a billion people on the planet suffer from a particular mental disorder. Most diseases, such as schizophrenia, continue to be incurable, so current approaches to their treatment are aimed at controlling symptoms and returning the patient to society. Therefore, the treatment program of schizophrenia should include both biological and psychosocial components, which is reflected in the order dated 05.02.2007 № 59 About approval of clinical protocols of providing medical care in the speciality "Psychiatry". Today, psychiatrists have a powerful arsenal of drugs for symptom control (biological therapy), but other tools are needed to improve patient contact with society and maximize social adaptation. Currently, one of the promising areas of psychosocial therapy is art therapy, which is rapidly gaining the commitment of specialists and patients. Art therapy, or "treatment with the arts," is a relatively new but popular means of psychotherapy. It can be used as a separate form of treatment for some psychiatric disorders or, more often, be an effective adjunct to basic therapy. Art therapy allows you to solve several important tasks at once. First, it is an effective tool to help the patient, which promotes the harmonization of the mental state of the individual through the development of the capacity for self-expression, self-knowledge and positive self-perception. Many patients suffering from mental disorders have an unexpressed, numb feeling of anger, anxiety, frustration, frustration and hopelessness. Through art, a person can express and explore a variety of feelings and emotions on a symbolic level: love, hatred, offence, anger, fear, joy and more. Second, such patients feel the need for communication, acceptance, belonging to a group, understanding, and art therapy is an effective means of socializing the patient and establishing contact with the environment. Finally, because of the striking and distinctive results of patients' creative activity, art therapy draws the attention of society to the problems of people with mental disorders.